Leptospirosis as a Zoonotic Infection
AbstractLeptospirosis is a common zoonotic infection in human caused by spirochete Leptospira. The disease is often underdiagnosed because of the difficulties in its clinical diagnosis and lack of suitable confirmatory laboratory tests. In this case report, we describe a case which highlights the importance of considering leptospirosis as the diagnostic possibility with hepatic, renal, and hematologic system involvement particularly where diagnostic support and resource are limited.
Bharti AR, Nally JE, Ricaldi JN, Matthias MA, Diaz MM, Lovett MA, et al. Leptospirosis: a zoonotic disease of global importance. Lancet Infect Dis 2003; 3(12): 757-71.
Vial L, Diatta G, Tall A, Ba E, Bouganali H, Durand P, et al. Incidence of tick-borne relapsing fever in west Africa: longitudinal study. The Lancet 2006; 368(9529): 37-43.
Jha S, Ansari MK. Leptospirosis presenting as acute meningoencephalitis. J Infect Dev Ctries 2010; 4(3): 179-82.
Gaynor K, Katz AR, Park SY, Nakata M, Clark TA, Effler PV. Leptospirosis on Oahu: an outbreak associated with flooding of a university campus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2007; 76(5): 882-5.
Weekes CC, Everard CO, Levett PN.Seroepidemiology of canine leptospirosis on the island of Barbados. Vet Microbiol 1997; 57(2-3): 215-22.
Tanganuchitcharnchai A, Smythe L, Dohnt M, Hartskeerl R, Vongsouvath M, Davong V, et al. Evaluation of the Standard Diagnostics Leptospira IgM ELISA for diagnosis of acute leptospirosis in Lao PDR. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2012; 106(9): 563-6.