Cold Agglutinin Disease in Non-Secretory Multiple Myeloma: A Case Report

  • Mahsa Abbaszadeh ORCID Mail Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Hanieh Radkhah Resident, Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sahar Karimpour Reyhan ORCID Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nasim Khajavirad ORCID Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Cold agglutinin, Multiple myeloma, Raynaud’s phenomenon, Anemia

Abstract

Skin involvement is not common as the first manifestation of Multiple Myeloma (MM). Although extremely rare, leucocytoclastic vasculitis, plasmasytoma, autoimmune bullous disease, livedo reticularis and Raynaud’s phenomenon may be the initial presentationof MM. Raynaud’s phenomenon and livedo reticularis related to cold exposure can be due to Cold Agglutinin Disease (CAD) or cryoglobulinemia and can be seen as the first manifestation of MM. In this case study, we described a 55-year-old man complaining of limbs livedo reticularis and Raynaud’s phenomenon during cold weather. Further evaluations revealed anemia and elevated ESR. Skull X-ray showed multiple punched-out lesions. Finally, serum protein electrophoresis and bone marrow aspiration confirmed the diagnosis of non-secretory MM as the underlying disease of CAD. The patient was referred to the hematologist for the treatment of MM.

Author Biography

Sahar Karimpour Reyhan, Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

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Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Abbaszadeh M, Radkhah H, Karimpour Reyhan S, Khajavirad N. Cold Agglutinin Disease in Non-Secretory Multiple Myeloma: A Case Report. CRCP. 4(4):110-114.
Section
Case Report(s)