A Peritoneal Tuberculosis Mimicking Advanced Cancer: A Case Report

  • mahsa abbaszadeh ORCID Mail Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • mohammadreza salehi ORCID Department of Infectious Diseases, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • mohammad shirkhoda ORCID Department of Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • sahar karimpour reyhan ORCID Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Tuberculosis, Peritoneal tuberculosis, Peritoneum, Ascites, Unnecessary services, Health economics


Tuberculosis (TB) could be presented with different manifestations. On many occasions, further evaluation in patients with the first diagnosis of the lung, pancreas, ovarian, or bladder cancer leads to the definite diagnosis of TB and the symptoms subside by treatment. Concerning the easy access to diagnostic tests and dramatic treatment responses, it is essential that physicians in endemic areas consider TB in patients with suspicious symptoms and in the differential diagnosis of malignancies, to diagnose the disease sooner and by simple and inexpensive tests; thus, avoiding imposing extra expenses to patients and the health system. We reported a 45 year-old female who was evaluated for abdominal pain, significant weight loss, and ascites for the past 4 months. The mediastinal and abdominopelvic Computed Tomography (CT) scan was performed in the initial evaluations of the patient. Accordingly, massive para-aortic and mediastinal lymphadenopathies and two thyroid nodules were detected. Furthermore, considering peritoneal thickening and moderate ascites, lymphoproliferative disorders were highly suggested as the diagnosis. The laboratory test data revealed bicytopenia, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR:57), and a high Cancer Antigen 125 (CA125). Unfortunately, the results of paracentesis were unavailable, though cytology was negative for malignancy. Due to anemia and weight loss, endoscopy and colonoscopy were performed twice in two different clinics, of which only gastritis was reported. Multiple abdominal and vaginal sonography was performed; these assessments suggested mild splenomegaly, mesenteric engorgement and thickening, multiple para-aortic and iliac adenopathies, as well as healthy uterus and ovaries. At the beginning of admission in Imam Khomeini Hospital, the patient denied any relevant medical history or family history. With further detailed questioning, we noticed a positive TB history in the patient’s grandmother, who lived with her. A Purified Protein Derivative (PPD)


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How to Cite
abbaszadeh mahsa, salehi mohammadreza, shirkhoda mohammad, karimpour reyhan sahar. A Peritoneal Tuberculosis Mimicking Advanced Cancer: A Case Report. CRCP. 5(2):39-42.
Case Report(s)