Vol 5 No 1 (2020): Winter
Introduction: Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare disease that is characterized by bony canals located on the cartilage ring. We here report one case of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica.
Case Report: A 64-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital with a productive cough, sputum, and fever for ten days. Her chest CT scan showed mild thickening and irregularity associated with calcification in the trachea wall and main bronchus. The patient had rheumatoid arthritis, and after consultation with a rheumatologist, she received pneumonia treatment and then underwent bronchoscopy.
Conclusion: TPO is a rare, benign disease with slow progression. Physicians should be aware of TPO and should consider it in patients with chronic cough and respiratory infections.
Introduction: Patella alta is an extremely rare condition, refers to an abnormally high position of the patella. Surgical treatment of habitual dislocation of the patella aims at a step-by-step correction of the abnormality.
Case Presentation: A 4-year-old boy presented with a rare superior dislocation of the patella. Clinical examination and radiographs confirmed the dislocation of the patella. The patella was reduced with proper reduction technique under sedation, resulting in the improvement of active range of motion.
Conclusion: Congenital patella alta is a rare deformity in children. Treatment and diagnosis in the early stages are of our priority in the treatment. Our non-surgical treatment is our preferred treatment in this patient. The surgical treatment approach is performed in patients that have no response to non-surgical treatments.
Introduction: Multiple osteoma cutis is a rare skin disorder characterized by tiny bone fragments deposition in the skin. It is a benign disease, which occurs as primary or secondary forms. Secondary osteoma cutis most commonly appears on the facial acne scars in middleaged women. The exact etiology of this phenomenon is unknown, but it may be induced by osteoblastic metaplasia of mesenchymal elements.
Case Presentation: Herein, we report a 70-year-old man with a history of multiple basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the scalp caused by radiotherapy, who referred to our tumor clinic with multiple skin-colored subcutaneous papules and nodules on his scalp from 2 years ago along with cutaneous side effect changes of radiodermatitis. In the histological examination of lesions with differential diagnosis of BCC, cysts, and adnexal tumors, the diagnosis of osteoma cutis was established without any evidence of BCC.
Conclusion: Osteoma cutis is a rare disorder most commonly affecting the face, but our patient had multiple lesions of the scalp. The inflammatory changes of radiodermatitis may be the principal cause of this change.
A tattoo is a permanent design created by injecting exogenous pigments into the dermis. Eyelid is an exotic place for tattooing. We present a 34-year-old man with eyelid tattooing as disorganized behavior.
Introduction: Asbestosis is a subtype of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos that can lead to fibrosis and scarring the lung tissues.
Case Report: Some of the asbestos-related diseases are calcifications, malignant mesothelioma, and pleural effusion.
Conclusion: Asbestosis can cause cancer several years after the initial exposure, but it can remain asymptomatic for a long time. Here we present image of a patient with asbestosis related carcinoma. The figures below show interesting cuts of the chest CT scan of a patient admitted to the hospital with asbestosis-related carcinoma.
Introduction: Meckel’s Diverticulum (MD) affects approximately 2% of the population. Phytobezoar is defined as a vegetable and fiber-based ball in the gastrointestinal tract. We report a rare case of phytobezoar within MD presenting with partial intestinal obstruction.
Case Reports: We hereby present a 20-year-old man who referred to the Emergency Department of a hospital with a two-day history of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and constipation. He underwent a midline laparotomy with surgical exploration, which revealed an MD 60 cm proximal to ileocecal valve containing phytobezoar. Histopathology reported the extracted specimen as an MD without ectopic tissue.
Conclusion: Meckel’s diverticulum can be affected by bezoars as well as other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. We recommend that phytobezoar within MD be considered among differential diagnosis of bowel obstruction.
Introduction: Antipsychotics (APs) can induce pathological blood clotting. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a common type of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. First or second generation APs have been specifically correlated with an increased risk of thromboembolism.
Case presentation: We report a case of a bipolar female patient who developed DVT following an increase in her daily dose of APs (olanzapine and chlorpromazine).
Conclusion: Physicians in other medical fields, including internal medicine and surgery, should be trained about the complication of DVT induced by APs.
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUD) is a useful and reversible contraceptive method. This method has potential complications. Uterine perforation and IUD migration is rare but is a serious complication. Migrated IUD could situate in different organs such as bowel loop, urinary bladder, fallopian tube, or ovary. However, the presence of a displaced IUD simultaneously in the two organs is a rare event. Ultrasonography is an appropriate and initial method for evaluating the IUD location. Abdominopelvic x-ray, computed tomography, and MRI are adjunctive imaging modalities. We present a case with migrated IUD, which was located in the right ovary and small intestine simultaneously.
Gitelman syndrome is an inherited disorder of kidney function characterized by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria. Its first presentation during pregnancy might be a challenging diagnostic and management issue, as there is little data available in the medical literature. Here we report a 26-year-old pregnant woman who was diagnosed with Gitelman syndrome for the first time during her second trimester of pregnancy. Refractory hypokalemia in the 18th week of pregnancy was treated with eplerenone. The pregnancy outcome was favorable both for the mother and neonate.